Top 10 Shperndaresit per Linux


+ Pėrgjigju tek Diskutimi
Rezultatet nga 1 deri tek 2 prej 2
  1. #1
    Drejtuesit e Forumit Administrator Maska e EMAUS
    Anėtarėsimi
    Nov 2006
    Postime
    3,782
    Gjinia
    Femer
    Reputacioni
    10

    Top 10 Shperndaresit per Linux

    Receta Gatimi

    A review of the 10 major Linux distributions out there, giving the pros and cons of each and every one of them

    Introduction

    The Microsoft Windows operating system is developed and released by a single company. It comes with a minimal set of applications (a calculator, a few games, some networking tools, an Internet browser.. etc). Other software can be obtained by users from various sources and installed on the operating system.

    GNU/Linux is different. A GNU/Linux operating system is made of a Linux kernel, a set of GNU tools, an installation program, a package management system and a lot of other software components. Because all these components are free to use and to distribute, anybody can assemble and configure them according to their needs and create their very own GNU/Linux operating system. Since 1993, a lot of people and companies have been distributing Linux operating systems. These distributions made it easy for people to get and to install a working GNU/Linux system on their personal computer.

    At first only a few distributions were available. Nowadays there are so many, that it would be pointless to compare all of them. The website http://www.distrowatch.com lists more than 350 active distributions and reports new releases almost every day. Of course, some distributions are quite similar, although some others are very different to each others. Depending on your needs you'll prefer some more than others.

    All distributions include the Linux kernel developed by Linus Torvalds and the GNU tools developed by Richard Stallman but they don't necessarily use their latest versions. Some distributions even make their own changes to the kernel. Distributions usually differ in the choice of software applications they offer, in the way these software applications are configured and in the way they are installed and upgraded. Distributions also differ in many aspects such as their philosophy towards proprietary software, their priorities between ease of use and efficiency or between stability and latest technology. In fact, every distribution is different and this means you have more than 350 ways to run GNU/Linux!

    Of course some distributions are more popular than others. This article is dedicated to the 10 most famous and popular: Debian, Slackware, Fedora, Mandriva, Suse, Ubuntu, Knoppix, Gentoo, Mepis and Xandros.

    Debian



    Debian is one of the oldest GNU/Linux distributions. It was created in 1993 by Ian Murdock who named it after the combination of his own name and the one of his then-girlfriend (now wife) Debra. The Debian project is non-commercial and gathers more than a thousand developers throughout the world. A strict organization and clear guidelines made its releases famous for their stability and reliability. The project is very ambitious and supports more than 15,000 packages on 11 architectures: m68k, SPARC, Alpha, PowerPC, x86, IA-64, PA-RISC, MIPS (big and little endian), ARM and S/390. AMD64 is also supported although it is not officially included in the distribution. Debian is known for its strong adherence to the Unix and free software philosophies, its stability and its huge community. It is also very well documented and translated in many languages. Its software package management is extremely powerful and was adopted by many other distributions. Although it is meant to be a general-purpose distribution, the quality of its releases made Debian a distribution of choice for servers.

    Debian provides three branches: "Stable" which corresponds to the latest release, "Unstable", which is in perpetual evolution and "Testing" which represents the next release to-be. Although it is possible to use "Testing" and to stay up to date, a lot of people are unhappy with the slow release cycle, which makes the "Stable" branch quickly outdated. For this reason Debian is seen as a serious and stable distribution but not as a cutting-edge and reactive one. This "outdated" reputation combined with the absence of graphical installation or configuration tools made Debian look hard to use and slow to evolve. When it comes to desktop, a lot of people prefer fast release cycle, eye-candy configuration tools, graphical installers and ease of use.. and this is not what Debian is.

    Official website: http://www.debian.org

    Pros: Open-Source philosophy, non-commercial project, strong community, huge selection of packages and supported architectures, one of the best package management, excellent documentation, extremely stable and well-tested releases, modular, fast.

    Cons: Slow release cycle, text-based installer, lack of configuration tools

    Slackware

    [attachment=10:3sof0b7e]desktop170403wv3.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Founded in 1992 by Patrick Volkerding, Slackware is the oldest surviving GNU/Linux distribution. It is very secure, stable and it is often recommended for server installations. The package management is minimal and doesn't deal with dependencies, the installer and configuration tools are text-based and almost everything is done through configuration files. Slackware doesn't offer graphical frontends nor eye-candy configuration tools. When Patrick was asked why Slackware releases do not have code names, he simply replied that there was no need. In fact the distribution focuses on stability and is well known for being bug-free. System administrators usually say that Slackware is the most Unix-Like GNU/Linux distribution. Most packages are used in their pristine form without any Slackware made improvements. Slackware is usually not recommended to novice users although it is easy to configure and probably one of the most formative distributions. What a user learns while configuring Slackware usually applies to any distribution. Rather than using distribution-specific configuration tools, the user has to modify settings in configuration files and so he has to learn about Linux internals which are common to all distributions. For these reason the Slackware distribution is usually used by system administrators, eager to learn novice users or simply Slackware fans.

    Official website: http://www.slackware.com

    Pros: Stability, security, strong adherence to Unix principles, speed and performance.

    Cons: Minimal package management, infrequent releases, limited hardware detection.

    Fedora

    [attachment=9:3sof0b7e]ldesktopfz7.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e][attachment=8:3sof0b7e]fcdesktop1fi6.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    One of the best known Linux company in the world is Red Hat, founded in 1995 by Bob Young and Marc Ewing. In 2003, Red Hat decided to focus on business and stopped releasing its public distribution. The company chose to sponsor a community driven project called Fedora. Red Hat Linux 9 was the last version in the Red Hat product line and was replaced by Fedora Core. This distribution is quite unique and mixes leading edge features and conservatism. The result is a stable and secure system with frequent releases and up to date packages which suits both server and desktop installations. The package management is based on RPM, invented by Red Hat, and it is enhanced by a set of tools like Yum, which bring additional features similar to the Debian package management. Because of its close relationship with Red Hat this distribution is very popular among companies. Efforts were also made to make it attractive to the public and Fedora is full of graphical configuration and administration tools. The installation is also graphical and special attention was put to the look and feel of the distribution. As a result Fedora is a popular choice for both desktop and servers among Linux users.

    Official website: http://fedora.redhat.com

    Pros: Widely used, good support, innovation, good-looking desktop, configuration tools.

    Cons: Not as stable as Debian or Slackware for server use, not as easy and up to date as Suse or Mandrake for desktop use. Fedora is truly a general-purpose distribution.

    Mandriva

    [attachment=7:3sof0b7e]mandriva2005ro9.png[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Originally called Mandrake and created by Gael Duval in 1998, Mandriva is based on Red Hat. It uses a RPM-based package management, which is enhanced with a tool called urpmi. Mandriva became famous and popular since its first release thanks to an efficient and powerful graphical installer, which is still considered the best nowadays. The default Gnome desktop environment used in Red Hat was replaced in favor of KDE and some good looking configuration tools were added. Also, Mandriva tends to include new versions of software applications as soon as possible and to stay up to date as much as possible, relying on the users to report bugs a posteriori. As a result, Mandriva is highly up-to-date and even though some of its releases are buggy it remains the best distribution for people who are new to Linux or people who find it acceptable to experience some crashes if this means benefiting from the latest versions of applications.

    Official website: http://www.mandriva.com

    Pros: Highly up-to-date, easy to use, good looking desktop, good community support.

    Cons: Unstable, releases are initially reserved to mandrivaClub members and then made public after several weeks.

    Suse

    [attachment=6:3sof0b7e]suse100scr12tg7.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Since its creation, Suse has always been seen as a distribution of choice for desktop installations. It benefits from a powerful installer and configuration tool called YaST. Professional attention is made to detail, the default KDE desktop environment, the boot process, everything is tailored to make Suse pleasant to the eyes and a serious choice for professional desktops. In 2003, Novell acquired the company and made ISOs of Suse releases freely available on the Internet. Novell also opened the development to public participation and released YaST under the General Public License. Since the launch of OpenSuse, the distribution is now completely free. Suse is stable, polished and pleasant to use. It is probably one of the best desktop solutions.

    Official website: http://www.suse.com , http://www.opensuse.org

    Pros: Up-to-date, easy to use, good looking, stable.

    Cons: Speed and performance.

    Ubuntu!!

    [attachment=5:3sof0b7e]ubuntudesktopln9.png[/attachment:3sof0b7e][attachment=4:3sof0b7e]desksm050501fc5.png[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    In 2004 a distribution which was never heard of before, quickly became the most popular and famous of all distributions: Ubuntu. Based on the "Unstable" branch of Debian, Ubuntu features a fast release cycle, up to date and numerous packages, fast download mirrors, great documentation and even free shipment of CDs. Even though the installer is text-based and the configuration tools are not as good looking or integrated as those found in Fedora, Suse or Mandriva ((NOT TRUE ANY MORE. they took care of that..comes on a live CD, which you can use to install as well, and everything is EXTREMELY graphical..not JUST graphical), this distribution quickly became the most used for desktop use. Ubuntu was created by Mark Shuttleworth and is distributed by his company Canonical Ltd. It is not clear whether or not Ubuntu is profitable to Canonical Ltd, but according to the multi-millionaire Mark Shuttleworth, this is not the main priority nor purpose of the distribution. Instead, Ubuntu aims to be an innovative and dynamic general purpose distribution which tackles issues that were not addressed by other distributions. Since its creation, Ubuntu has been the most popular GNU/Linux distribution and every single release is better than the previous one.

    Official website: http://www.ubuntu.com
    and Kubuntu: http://www.kubuntu.com Much more nicer and prettier looking i think.

    Pros: Great community of users and developers, great documentation, up to date packages, fast release cycle.

    Cons: The business model doesn't seem to be viable.

    Knoppix

    [attachment=3:3sof0b7e]bildschirmphoto3hw3.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Created in 2003 by Klaus Knopper, Knoppix is a live-CD distribution, which means the user can run it directly from the CD without having to install it on the hard drive. Thanks to an efficient compression mechanism, the Knoppix CD features a huge selection of software. Knoppix also provides a great automatic hardware detection, which is far better than those of other distributions. The CD can be used as a recovery or administration tool, as a Linux demonstration, as a hardware test tool or even as a full GNU/Linux desktop distribution since it is possible to install it on the hard drive once booted from the CD. Releases are frequent and packages, based on Debian's "Unstable" branch are quite up-to-date.

    Official website: http://www.knoppix.com

    Pros: Live-CD, excellent hardware detection, good and up to date package selection.

    Cons: Slow if run from the CD.

    Gentoo

    [attachment=2:3sof0b7e]200604051917gentoo1nb6.png[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Created in 2002 by Daniel Robbins, Gentoo comes from the idea of adding the FreeBSD autobuild feature, "ports" into GNU/Linux. Gentoo is a source-distribution, which means that its packages are not binary but source packages. Each package is meant to be compiled on the user's computer in order to get the best performance and speed out of the resulting compiled binary software. Because repositories use source-packages, they are also very quick to get new software releases as soon as they come out. This results in a very fast and highly up-to-date distribution. The package management is also very efficient and easy to use. On the other hand, the installation of the system and of big packages can be very long and tedious, even with a fast processor.

    Official website: http://www.gentoo.org

    Pros: Highly up-to-date, very fast, good documentation.

    Cons: Long and tedious installation, can be unstable.

    Mepis

    [attachment=1:3sof0b7e]800pxmepisji8.png[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    Created in 2003 by Warren Woodford, Mepis is a mix between Debian "Unstable" and Knoppix. It is a live-CD which, once booted, features a graphical installation program. Users can simply boot on the CD, try the distribution, and if they like it.. run the graphical installation program. Also, the distribution chose a different path regarding the use of proprietary software, arguing that the user's comfort was more important than the adherence to open-source philosophy. By default, Mepis includes NVIDIA drivers, Flash and Java plugins, Java runtime, multimedia codecs, and other non-free software. The hardware automatic detection is very good and even detects some winmodems. In-house configuration utilities are also provided.

    Official website: http://www.mepis.com

    Pros: Installable Live-CD, pre-configured with latest plugins and codecs.

    Cons: Not yet well-established, poor adherence to open-source principles.

    Xandros

    [attachment=0:3sof0b7e]xandros3bka1.jpg[/attachment:3sof0b7e]

    In 2001 Xandros acquired Corel Linux. The distribution was based on Debian and aimed at making it easy for novice users to use GNU/Linux. Nowadays Xandros Desktop is the most user-friendly distribution on the market and is recommended to first time Linux users. In its Deluxe edition Xandros Desktop also includes a NTFS resizing tool and a Windows compatibility layer called CrossOver, which makes it possible to run some Windows applications.

    Official website: http://www.xandros.com

    Pros: Designed for beginners, easy to use, very stable.

    Cons: Small package selection, includes proprietary components, only free for personal use.

    Conclusion

    People often ask "so which distribution is right for me?". The answer is very simple: "It depends!". It depends on your needs, it depends on your experience, on your philosophy or your tastes. It depends on a lot of things, and even if you found the one you preferred among these 10 majors distributions, don't forget that there are about 340 other distributions available, which could potentially suit your needs. If you're ready for the adventure, go and explore. Read reviews, try as many as you can and make your own mind. Otherwise, if you just need something good without the hassle, stick to these 10 major distributions. If you're running a server, consider Debian or Slackware. If you want to install Linux on your home computer for desktop use, consider them all. If you're new to Linux you could try Xandros, Mepis, Suse or Mandriva. Different people have different tastes and this is exactly why GNU/Linux comes in so many flavors...
    Imazhet e Bashkangjitur Imazhet e Bashkangjitur

  2. #2
    i/e rregjistruar 35% Maska e aliu
    Anėtarėsimi
    May 2010
    Vendndodhja
    fier shqiperi
    Postime
    639
    Gjinia
    Mashkull
    Reputacioni
    10
    Linux Best Distributions Linux Best Distributions Slackware This is one of the oldest and finest distribution ever made, and still online with an active community. It’s really good, you should try it. It is Simple and Robust, the main concept is simplicity, and is really “heaven” for C programmers and developers. Is the distribution “made from programmers for programmers”. Slackware http://www.slackware.com Arch Linux I currently use it, it’s one of the best distributions ever made, it’s really cool and installing and configuring this distro is an adventure. Practically you build your own system with what you want, in fact Arch Linux force you to configure it and build what you really want with a system. You don’t have any unwanted and un-used program in it, and the most important part is that you learn with this distro how the system really works. You install your favorite Desktop Environment or WM and just what you want and need, not any thing more. The community is fantastic and also the support, it’s simple and follow the philosophy “keep it simple stupid!”. Btw this is my box, it sounds “geeky” or “hacky” but currently I use LXDE with the default background, I was only playing with awesome (WM) and his options. Arch Linux www.archlinux.org And by the way, is not an “hardcore” distribution, or “very difficult” , because all that you do with the GUI , in reality is done with the CLI interface, so don’t make it so hard using Arch or Slack or any other Distribution who tries to keep it simple. Debian GNU/Linux This is also an old and very good Linux Distribution, the package manager is great and this guys are really concern with Free Software and with trying to keep it all free. I’m quoting from the debian website: You may be wondering: why would people spend hours of their own time to write software, carefully package it, and then give it all away? The answers are as varied as the people who contribute. Some people like to help others. Many write programs to learn more about computers. More and more people are looking for ways to avoid the inflated price of software. A growing crowd contribute as a thank you for all the great free software they’ve received from others. Many in academia create free software to help get the results of their research into wider use. Businesses help maintain free software so they can have a say in how it develops — there’s no quicker way to get a new feature than to implement it yourself! Of course, a lot of us just find it great fun. Debian is so committed to free software that we thought it would be useful if that commitment was formalized in a written document. Thus, our Social Contract was born. Although Debian believes in free software, there are cases where people want or need to put non-free software on their machine. Whenever possible Debian will support this. There are even a growing number of packages whose sole job is to install non-free software into a Debian system. Any way, I think that Linux is free today due to Stallman, and what is free and open-source today is directly connected with him. If you read the story, Linux kernel begin to get his shape only after Stallman joined the project , I’ts an really devoted personage on the open-source scene, not like Torvalds Debian OS www.debian.org Linux From Scratch Well , this is Linux this project is mainly oriented in building your own Linux Distribution and have many sub-projects in it like BLFS, ALFS, HLFS etc. Many current distributions are based in LFS. In reality this is what we well call “hardcore Linux”, you build Linux from scratch, and Learn Linux. The LFS book it’s just great. now, here is the screenshot linux-from-scratch LFS http://www.linuxfromscratch.org/ Ubuntu New to Linux? You want to trash windows – non – operating – system? You should definitely try Ubuntu, or Mint or Pc-Linux-OS. Very easy, very intuitive with an great user community and package support. You have to know only how to start and power off your PC or Laptop in order to use it. Ubuntu Linux http://www.ubuntu.com/ You should try also rpm based distriubtions like Fedora, openSuse etc. SystemResuceCD This is an Live CD based on Gentoo [I'f I am not wrong] (great distro to) oriented in rescuing crashed or problematic system, great “tool” for administrators, it comes with an incredible file system support, with allot of tools for backing up, restoring system even with some great forensic tools able to download firmware from devices. It haves included in it also cmospwd password recovery utility and chntpw for removing or modifying windows (all versions) passwords. It’s really a great tool, you will find an perfect ambient for fixing problems with it. System Rescue CD http://www.sysresccd.org/Main_Page Damn Vulnerable Linux (Infectious Disease) Well this is kind of backtrack + full of documentation + an real – life buggy system to exploit. Damn Vulnerable Linux (DVL) is everything a good Linux distribution isn’t. Its developers have spent hours stuffing it with broken, ill-configured, outdated, and exploitable software that makes it vulnerable to attacks. DVL isn’t built to run on your desktop — it’s a learning tool for security students. Damn Vulnerable Linux You should try downloading this from torrents. ZenCaffe This is another, great and also new linux distribution oriented to take place at internet caffe, and it cames with a full support for this type of task, furthermore : Internet cafe are the best location to spread Linux to everyone. Various people came to internet cafe everyday, much of them doesn’t have computer technical background and never use Linux before. The simple way to make they use Linux is make they comfortable enough to use it, make they feel like still use their own PC and familiar OS. It is based on Zenwalk zencaffe DEFT Linux With FCCU (also great) this are the 2 best free Linux forensic distribution on the wild net. I have tryied both o them and are really good.

+ Pėrgjigju tek Diskutimi

Tema tė ngjashme

  1. Ubuntu Linux 12.04
    Nga vaaldr1n nė forum Shpėrndarjet Linux/Unix
    Pėrgjigje: 2
    Postimi i Fundit: 02-05-2012, 10:25 PM
  2. Problem me Linux
    Nga tony65 nė forum Pyetni Ekspertėt e Informatikės
    Pėrgjigje: 5
    Postimi i Fundit: 23-02-2010, 08:35 PM
  3. Programe per linux..
    Nga ingal nė forum Shpėrndarjet Linux/Unix
    Pėrgjigje: 6
    Postimi i Fundit: 26-01-2010, 06:50 PM
  4. si tja bej per te shkarkuar linux?
    Nga aurel nė forum Shpėrndarjet Linux/Unix
    Pėrgjigje: 5
    Postimi i Fundit: 09-11-2008, 09:18 PM
  5. Messenger per Linux
    Nga ReniX nė forum Shpėrndarjet Linux/Unix
    Pėrgjigje: 1
    Postimi i Fundit: 12-07-2008, 10:26 AM